Written by 5:13 pm Camera and Photography, Photography Tips

5 Basic elements of photography Everyone Needs To Know

Elements of photography

In this blog the five basic elements of photography are explained. These are essential to understand if you want to take better photos. Get familiar with them now! We at Aaf studios make sure that you should have in depth knowledge so we try to explain with relevant photos and graphics, so Dig in.

These five basic elements of photography.
Elements of photography

Exposure – The amount of light hitting your subject.

One of the key elements of photography is the exposure. Photography is an art form that involves capturing images using light and lenses and keeping the elements of photography in mind. It’s also a science, since there are many different elements involved in creating a good photo.

Exposure refers to how much light hits your subject. If you’re taking pictures indoors, you’ll need more light than if you were outside. You can use a flash to add extra light, but it will make your subject appear too bright.

When you take photos inside, you want to expose your subject correctly. To get the right exposure, look at the background. If there’s nothing behind your subject, then you should leave the shutter open longer. If there is something behind your subject, then close the shutter faster.

A long exposure of the lighthouse at Rhue
A long exposure of the lighthouse at Rhue

For example, if you’re taking a photo of a person standing next to a wall, you’ll want to use a slower shutter speed (1/30 second) to capture the entire image. However, if you’re taking photos of people walking down a street, you’ll want to shoot them using a faster shutter speed (1/250 second). If you will take a picture in the street using a longer shutter speed you will see a motion effect in the picture

Man standing next to a wall taken at slower shutter speed.
Portrait of a young man smiling and looking to the camera while standing outdoors on the street. taken at faster shutter speed

Aperture – The size of the opening in your lens.

The aperture controls the size of the opening through which light enters the lens. It does so by controlling the diameter of the aperture blades and hence is in the top three elements of photography.

When you use a wide aperture (small opening), you get a shallow depth of field. That means everything from foreground to background appears sharp. However, if you use a narrow aperture (large opening), you get a deep depth of field. Everything from foreground to background appears blurry.

Aperture refers to the size of the hole in front of the lens. If you want to create a shallow depth of field, you should choose a large aperture. For example, if you want to blur the background, you would select a f/2.8 aperture. On the other hand, if you want to focus on the foreground, you would select a smaller aperture such as f/16.

Shutter Speed – The length of time your shutter remains open.

Shutter speed controls how long the shutter stays open. This determines how much light gets into the camera.

When you take photos, you control two things: aperture (the size of the opening in the lens) and shutter speed (how long the shutter stays open). These two settings determine how much light enters the camera. If you want to get a photo without too much noise, you should use a slow shutter speed. If you want to capture motion, you should use a fast shutter speed.

To create a blurry background, you can either choose a large aperture setting (like f/2.8), which lets in lots of light, or a smaller aperture setting (f/4.0), which lets in less light.

Motion effect created while a boy walks in front of the camera using slower speed. Shutter speed is very important element of photography.
A boy walking in front of a slower shutter speed camera.

You can also adjust the shutter speed to blur movement. For example, if you want to freeze action, you could set the shutter speed at 1/1000 second.

Fast shutter speed used while child jumps out of water. Shutter speed is one of the important elements of photography.
Fast shutter speed used while child jumps out of water

ISO – The sensitivity of your camera sensor.

ISO is an abbreviation for “International Organization for Standardization.” This standard was developed by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). ISO is used to measure how sensitive a camera sensor is to light. The higher the number, the more sensitive the sensor is.

ISO Dial on Old Camera. ISO is basic element of photography.
ISO Dial on Old Camera

A low ISO setting means that the camera sensor is less sensitive to light than a high ISO setting. When you use a low ISO setting, you get better image quality at night because there is less noise. Noise is graininess in images caused by electronic components in digital cameras.

Low ISO settings allow you to take photos without having to use flash. If you want to take pictures during the day, you should set your camera to a higher ISO setting. For example, if you are taking a picture outside during the day, you might set your camera to ISO

White Balance – Adjusting the color temperature of your white balance settings.

To adjust the color temperature of your camera’s white balance settings, open the menu and select WB Temperature. You can choose from Auto, Cloudy, Shade, Tungsten, Fluorescent, and Flash. Some cameras also have some custom options too.

The color temperature of your white balancing setting determines what colors appear in your photos. For example, if you set your camera to tungsten (2700K), then everything would be very dark and grayish. If you set it to fluorescent (5000K) then everything would be bright and yellowish.

When you take pictures indoors, you want to use a white-balance setting that matches the lighting conditions. You can adjust the color temperature of your camera’s white balance setting to match the light source. For instance, if you’re taking pictures inside during the day, you should set your camera to daylight (5500K). If you’re taking them at night, you should set it to tungsten (2800K).

White balance guide very important element of photography
White balance guide very important element of photography


It is always great to have knowledge of the basic elements of photography but the best results always come by doing practice with your knowledge. Also do check the list we have provided for free courses on photography.